What is 3phase induction motor?
A 3-phase induction motor is an electromechanical energy conversion device which converts 3-phase input electrical power into output mechanical power. A 3-phase induction motor consists of a stator and a rotor.
What is a 3phase motor?
Three-phase motors are motors designed to run on the three-phase alternating current (AC) power used in many industrial applications. AC electricity changes direction from negative to positive and back many times a second.
What are the types of 3 phase induction motor?
Depending upon the type of rotor used the three-phase induction motor is classified as:
- Squirrel Cage Induction Motor.
- Slip Ring Induction Motor or Wound Rotor Induction Motor or Phase Wound Induction Motor.
What is a three-phase induction motor and how does it work?
3-phase AC induction motors are comprised of the stator and rotor. During operation, a current is applied through the stator, which induces a magnetic field and leads to the rotation of the rotor.
What is a induction motor used for?
These are the most common type of AC motor and are important to industry due to their load capacity, with Single-Phase induction motors being used mainly for smaller loads, for example in household appliances whereas, Three-Phase induction motors are used more in industrial applications including compressors, pumps, …
Why are 3-phase motors used?
Three phase alternating current power motor is economical to supply power to data center since it requires less conductor material to supply electricity. This explains why 3 phase alternating current motor is used in electric transmission, generation and distribution in most countries worldwide.
What are types of induction motor?
Starting. There are three basic types of small induction motors: split-phase single-phase, shaded-pole single-phase, and polyphase. In two-pole single-phase motors, the torque goes to zero at 100% slip (zero speed), so these require alterations to the stator such as shaded-poles to provide starting torque.
How does a 3-phase induction motor start?
A three-phase Induction Motor is Self Starting. When the supply is connected to the stator of a three-phase induction motor, a rotating magnetic field is produced, and the rotor begins rotating and the induction motor starts. At the time of starting, the motor slip is unity, and the starting current is very large.
Why is induction motor called asynchronous?
Because it runs at a speed less than synchronous speed. Because induction motor can not rotate at synchronous speed it always rotate less than synchronous speed. in short, induction motor never rotates at synchronous speed so it called asynchronous motor.
What are the advantages of 3-phase induction motor?
Unlike synchronous motors, a 3 phase induction motor has a high starting torque, good speed regulation and reasonable overload capacity. An induction motor is a highly efficient machine with full load efficiency varying from 85 to 97 percent.
What is the voltage of a 3-phase supply?
For three-phase, you connect line 1 to line 2 and get 208 volts. At the same time, you [can] connect line 2 to line 3 and get 208 volts. And you [can] connect line 3 to line 1 and get 208 volts.